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Current Issue: May 2024

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Special Focus: Biofuels, Alternative/Renewable Fuels

Connecting the dots to bankability with low-carbon bio-hubs for sustainable fuels and chemicals

The transportation fuel and chemicals sectors are facing multiple urgent challenges. They must quickly reduce their dependence on petroleum resources with cost-competitive solutions while also addressing concerns such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and decarbonization.

Why poultry fat is emerging as a solution for the renewable energy industry’s increasing need for diverse biofuel feedstocks
Oleo-X: Ditsch, A.

Throughout the past decade, biofuels production has significantly increased. Some of the largest growth in the sector has been with fuels that rely on lipids, such as vegetable oils and animal fats, as feedstock. This includes biodiesel, renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).

A novel process to help refinery operations comply with the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard
Sustainable Transportation Fuels: Keller, A.  |  Keller, M.  |  Wallsgrove, C.

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is a regulation that requires refineries in the U.S. to output a certain percentage of their fuel from renewable sources, such as plants or animal waste. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets the minimum proportion of renewable fuel every year. The goal of the RFS is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on fossil fuels.

Tackle operational challenges with FCC coprocessing applications
BASF: Vincent, G.  |  Riva, S.
Axens: Barrios, F.  |  Dubois, F.
Technip Energies: Golczynski, S.

Refiners are actively developing new solutions to decarbonize their finished products—such as transportation fuels or commodity chemicals—as part of the energy transition. As a result, refiners are now exploring the co-feeding of alternative feedstocks, including renewable and recyclable crude oils, as a means of lowering the carbon footprint of their products.

Process Optimization

Hydrocarbon value chain optimization: Non-CAPEX opportunities to improve gross margins for the downstream sector—Part I
Trindent Consulting: Wan, K.Y.

The oil and gas industry comprises some of the most complicated manufacturing processes, involving mining, transportation, refining, distribution and retail.

Heat Transfer

Integrated column-reboiler system stress and flexibility analysis approach
BASF Chemicals India Pvt. Ltd.: Kulkarni, M.

In oil refineries and chemical plants, chemical reactions and separations take place in the distillation column.

Improving the sustainability of steam production
Emerson: Donnangelo, M.

Steam distribution systems are a vital part of process manufacturing because steam is a versatile means of delivering carefully controlled heat energy, usually via a heat exchanger.

Plant Design, Engineering, Construction and Commissioning

Artificial intelligence for engineering a better tomorrow—Part 2
TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.: Sakthivel, S.

Part 1 of this article—published in the April issue —explored the importance and application of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques in the domain of advanced process design and engineering. Part 2 focuses on the use of AI for autocorrecting engineering drawings.

Refinery And Petrochemical Integration

A multi-objective optimization study for an integrated oil refinery-petrochemical plant—Part 1
University of Bahrain, Department of Engineering Management: Al Anazi, K. Q.  |  Shams, M.B.  |  Al Masri, H.

The study of the ideal integration of an oil refinery and an ethylene production facility has regained interest due to the rising costs of crude oil and its derivatives. This study proposes a multi-objective optimization approach that maximizes the net profit and production of ethylene and propylene in an integrated plant.

Hydrogen

The turquoise route: Methane pyrolysis to produce hydrogen
Center for Green Technology and Management: Sukumaran Nair, M. P.

For more than half a century, steam methane reforming (SMR) ruled the ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen (H2) industries. Every decade since, commercial viability witnessed tremendous innovation leading to large capacity plants, new generation catalysts and equipment, operation’s reliability, energy and material efficiency, safety and environmental targets and process economics.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Boosting bio-content in processing feeds: Challenges and solutions driving the energy transition
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Around the world, nations have instituted pathways to reduce emissions within their economies. These initiatives include various investments in carbon mitigation strategies such as boosting domestic renewables capacity, utilizing low-/zero-carbon fuels for power generation (e.g., green hydrogen), adding carbon capture technologies to projects and industrial installations, and increasing bio-content in transportation fuels, among others.

Executive Viewpoint: Petrochemicals transition, operational sustainability and new pathways for light olefins production
Honeywell UOP: Couch, K.

Welcome to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Executive Series. In this enhanced video platform, the editors speak with the operators and technology leaders and suppliers that are optimizing the global hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI).

Sustainability and the Energy Transition: The pyrolysis of plastic wastes: A techno-economic analysis
Petrochemical Industries Company: Alazemi, E.

Plastics are some of the most vastly used materials in modern life. They are the building block of products manufactured by almost every sector, including packaging, building and construction, textiles, consumer products, transportation, electrical and electronics, and industrial machinery.

Innovations

Emerson has introduced the Fisher™ easy-Drive™ 200R Electric Actuator for use on Fisher butterfly and ball valves.

People
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Hexagon adds two industry veterans to solidify leadership