Featured Articles
Business Trends: The acceleration of industrial autonomy and its impact on sustainable manufacturing
Finnan, K., Yokogawa

In 2020, the author’s company published the results of a survey that highlighted a significant shift to industrial autonomy, with as many as 89% of companies planning to increase the level of autonomy in their operations.

Sophisticated analytics build sustainability for renewable diesel projects
Berutti, M., Emerson Automation Solutions

Anyone studying the development of the hydrocarbon processing industry over the last century will likely admire how far technologies have advanced, particularly considering the tools that were available in the industry’s early years.

Overview of decarbonization pathways for the oil and gas and petrochemical industries—Part 2
Buehler, J., Petrogenium, Buehler Consulting

This article is the continuation of an article detailing the seven pathways to decarbonizing the oil and gas and petrochemical industries. Part 1, published in the May issue of Hydrocarbon Processing, covered sustainability and reviewed the following three pathways: green and blue hydrogen (H2); biofuels, renewable fuels and e-fuels; and the circular carbon cycle.

History of the HPI: The 1970s: Crises, clean air, plastic bottles and the DCS
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The 1970s were marked by several historical events that affected not only the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) but nations around the world.

Investigations of high pressure drop observed in ASU columns
Xu, F.-J., Zhou, F.-H., Cao, Z.-M., China National Air Separation Engineering Co.; Yang, Q., Zuber, L., Sulzer Chemtech Ltd.; Dong, J.-J., Sulzer Chemtech China

The measured pressure drop of columns in air separation units (ASUs) is often reported as being higher than the predicted pressure drop.

Xylene-loop scheme for minimized GHG emissions and PX production cost

Molecular management, energy efficiency and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have become major focuses for petrochemical complexes, including aromatics plants.

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Global Construction Projects
Total active projects by region and sector, excluding holds

Data provided by Global Energy Infrastructure. 

Gulf Energy Information’s Global Energy Infrastructure database is tracking nearly 1,100 projects around the world. At 40%, the Asia-Pacific region holds the largest market share in total active projects followed by the Middle East and the U.S. These three regions represent nearly 70% of all active projects in the hydrocarbon processing industry.

GEI Analysis

New project announcements, April 2020–June 2021

Active project market share by activity level

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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight

For additional downstream construction project data, visit Construction Boxscore.

Project: Al-Zour PRIZe project
Location: Al Zour, Kuwait
Operator: KIPIC
Cost: 8000
Capacity: 330,000 tpy
Completion date: 2026
Status: Engineering
Project: Qingzou PDH plant
Location: Qinzhou, China
Operator: Shanghai Huayi
Cost: 1300
Capacity: 750,000 tpy
Completion date: 2022
Status: Engineering
Project: Karbala refinery
Location: Karbala, Iraq
Operator: SCOP
Cost: 6000
Capacity: 140,000 bpd
Completion date: 2022
Status: Under construction
Project: Pulau Muara Besar Integrated complex-Phase 2
Location: Pulau Muara Besar, Brunei
Operator: Brunei Hengyi Industries
Cost: 13650
Capacity: 14 MMtpy
Completion date: 2023
Status: Planning/proposed