Reactors

Stability evaluation of hot spots in the RDS process reactor

During the end-of-run (EOR) period of the authors’ company’s residue hydrodesulfurization (RDS) process in early February 2019, some hot spots occurred in the catalysts of the reactors.

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Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

IRPC Process Technology: The latest advancements in process technologies

Editorial Comment: Maintenance and reliability—A cornerstone of safe and efficient plant operation

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refineries and petrochemical plants are comprised of a series of crucial processes to produce transportation fuels, products and chemicals demanded by the global market. These processes consist of capital-intensive units that must be maintained to provide reliable performance. Failure to adequately maintain these assets can have a detrimental effect to not only operations and profit, but also to worker safety.

TOTAL refineries improve overhead systems corrosion and salting with amine-neutralizing technology

Brun, L. A., Majorel, C., Thoret-Bauchet, J. P., Total; Pothuaud, A., Cross, C., SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions

Weak organic amines are commonly used in crude unit overhead systems to prevent acidic corrosion from chlorides and other acidic contaminants via a neutralization reaction.

A solution to the IMO 2020 MARPOL Annex VI requirement

Klussmann, B., Rigby Refining LLC

On January 1, 2020, a new requirement limiting the sulfur content of marine fuel to a maximum of 0.5 wt% went into effect.

Meeting the Tier 3 challenge with ultra-clean alkylate

Griffiths, E., KBR; Mukherjee, M., Exelus, Inc.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) introduced Tier 3 gasoline sulfur standards in 2017, requiring all U.S. gasoline producers to adhere to an annual 10-ppm average sulfur limit.

Leveraging digital technologies to create the smart renewable diesel facility

Harclerode, C., OSIsoft

Many companies are modifying existing crude refineries or building grassroots renewable diesel facilities to produce drop-in, green renewable diesel from a variety of agriculturally derived triglyceride feedstocks.

Industry Perspectives

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) is steadily advancing through the energy transition.

Fuels and chemicals: Finding the right refinery configuration for a less predictable world

Chaudhuri, S., Singh, R., Bechtel India

The refining industry links the upstream production of crude oil with the end markets for fuel products, as well as for the petrochemical/chemical industry.

FCC NOx reduction methods: Complying with regulations without capital investment

Hobbins, P., Placid Refining Co.; Blair, H., Hochheiser, T., Johnson Matthey

As fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions regulations become increasingly strict, refiners are driven to find the most economic compliance option.