Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

October 2015


Special Report: Process Control and Information Systems

Improve refinery margins with new crude selection concept
Statoil Refining Denmark: Knudsen, P. U.
Frontline Systems, Inc.: Maleki, S.

A refinery with an active crude selection strategy encompassing dedicated staff, preapproval of all new crudes and an updated crude acceptance window can gain $0.5/bbl–$1/bbl vs. a more passive strategy.

Design pressure reduction in high-pressure heat exchangers with dynamic simulation

A commercial simulation tool is used to carry out the analysis of the transient phenomena caused by the tube rupture event during the design phase of an HP heat exchanger.

Bonus Report: Process Control and Instrumentation

Effects of changing vapor phase conditions on radiation-based continuous level measurement
VEGA Americas Inc.: Bowers, G.

Radiation-based continuous level gauges provide highly reliable measurements because no part of the instrument system is exposed to the process fluid, and they do not require penetration into the process vessel.

Maintaining gas system accuracy and reliability through calibration
AURA Gas Controls: Dickerson, D.

In the process industries, laser-based analytical techniques have emerged as a popular method of examining process line samples because of their high level of durability, fast response time and minimal maintenance requirements.

HPI Focus: Petrochemical Update

A chemist’s perspective on organic fouling in ethylene operations: update
Nalco Champion: Hancock, J. M.
SABIC Technology & Innovation: Robson, I.  |  Vachon, J.

Ethylene manufacturing is a continuous race to be commercially competitive in a volatile global market.

Regional Report

Expansion and contraction in developed Northeast Asian nations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Unlike much of Southeast Asia, which is presently building downstream infrastructure to meet increasing demand, Northeast Asia is well-developed.

Environment and Safety

Managing the recovery from the Jaipur oil terminal fire
Oil Industry Safety Directorate: Dutta, H.

In October 2009, a devastating fire at the oil terminal in Jaipur, India, killed 11 people, injured many more and incurred a significant financial loss.

Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Use root cause analysis to examine failure of a cooling water pump
Suncor Energy Inc.: Tharakan, J.

Without a holistic approach and a structured root cause analysis, it is hard to unearth complex and multiple issues, particularly design deficiencies.

Heat Transfer

NOx, NOx, who’s there—steam cracker or SMR?
RGK Environmental Consulting, LLC: Kunz, R. G.

This article addresses the generation of thermal NOx in the furnace of each process, NOx abatement by SCR, and premature degradation of SCR catalyst by chromium species in the flue gas.

Rethink specifications for fired heaters
S & B Engineers and Constructors Ltd.: Malhotra, K.

Fired heaters are essential and important major pieces of equipment in a process plant.

Refining Developments

Test run with sales gas feed in a traditional H2 plant
Saudi Aramco: Yeh, G. J.  |  Al-Malki, M. A.

A conventional hydrogen (H2) plant in a Middle Eastern refinery was designed to produce 75,000 normal cubed meters per hour (Mnm3/hr) of H2 product with 95% purity with plat offgas feed (platformer offgas mixed with hydrocracker offgas).


HP Editorial Comment: The Top Project award nominees are out!
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

As we move deeper into 2015, Hydrocarbon Processing continues to add new features to better serve our readers.

HP Reliability: Hire or train a reliability professional?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

The statistics on job seekers with college degrees and job seekers qualified to do the work for which they actually apply will differ.

HP Automation Strategies: APC technology adapts quickly to economic changes
AspenTech: Singh, T.

With significant fluctuations in feedstock and energy prices, making economic changes quickly is vital to capitalize on the most profitable assets.

HP Automation Safety: Ensure the safety and security of industrial control systems
ARC Advisory Group: Cosman, E. C.

Process safety and cyber security are distinctly different disciplines, but there is now a growing realization within the downstream automation sector that they are related.

HP Petrochemicals: Iran could soon become major petrochemical player if sanctions end
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: DuBose, Ben

The ongoing debate over the Iran “nuclear deal” isn’t just political talk. It could be a key influencer for the future of the global petrochemicals industry, too.

HP Industry Perspectives: Top Project awards of 2015

As 2015 enters its final quarter, Hydrocarbon Processing is once again evaluating the top projects from this past year with the most significant impacts on the global or regional downstream industry.

HP Business Trends
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee  |  Rhodes, Mike

As a consequence of the shale gas boom, US crackers have switched away from naphtha feedstock to ethane-based feedstock.

HP Industry Metrics
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

High US refinery utilization rates have continued, encouraged by strong gasoline demand amid lower crude prices.

HP Global Project Data
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

The Hydrocarbon Processing Construction Boxscore Database is tracking over $1.5 T in active projects around the globe.

HP Innovations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Blume, Adrienne

EGC Critical Components has announced its dures brand of materials, a new family of proprietary thermoplastic polymer composites developed specifically for the manufacture of bushings, bearings and wear rings in pumps handling a wide range of liquids, including those that contain solid matter.

HP People
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Wood Group Mustang has appointed Elaine Lisenbe to the position of chief financial officer (CFO), and Valencia Amenson to VP of human resources.

Advances in Sulfur Management Supplement

Varied solutions to the challenges of sulfur management
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

As governments impose progressively stringent limits on the sulfur content of fuels, the refining industry and the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) are increasing their focus on sulfur removal to maximize profits from sulfur-rich oil and gas resources.