October 2005

Refining Developments

Insert flexibility into your hydrogen network – Part 2

Fine-tuning utilities operation can conserve energy management and reduce operating costs

Ludwig, K., Morris, P., Patel, N., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

The integration of energy markets has fiercely increased competition among refiners. Yes, final products sold from refineries include transportation fuels and petrochemical feedstocks and consumer products. However, other energy products such as electricity and steam have economic value for the refinery. In the current competitive economic environment, refiners are challenged to meet first tier economic goals as well as second tier goals gained from secondary products (hydrogen, steam and electricity) produced and consumed within the refinery. Existing hydrogen and utilities units are a complex problem. Refiners must scrutinize how to retrofit or replace utilities operations to meet en

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