- Global Energy Infrastructure
Special Focus: Refining Technology
Additive solutions to SOx emissions in FCCUs
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Analyzers / Catalysts / Corrosion / Distillation / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Furnaces / Loss Prevention / Products / Reactors / Safety / Treating / Europe
Sulfur oxide additives are typically based on hydrotalcite or magnesium aluminate spinel-type structures. Magnesium alumina is the pickup agent present in the most effective SO<sub>x</sub> additives on the market; therefore, to optimize SO<sub>x</sub> reduction, it is critical to maximize the amount of the critical magnesium component in the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) in an efficient and cost-effective way.
Technical considerations for the Heydar Aliyev refinery revamp
Environment & Safety / Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining / Acid Gas Removal / Europe / Construction / Diesel / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Gasoline / Greenhouse Gases / Hydrotreating / Naphtha / Natural Gas / Products / Pumps / Reactors / Safety / Treating
The following case study describes the early development phases of SOCAR’s ongoing major revamp project at the Heydar Aliyev Refinery (HAR) in Baku, Azerbaijan, and its interface with the associated Azerikimya (AZK) steam cracking complex near Sumgait. References are made to the related SOCAR polymer project in Sumgayit, as well.
Reduce dry gas and coke with a more flexible FCC technology
To meet increasingly stringent specifications for cleaner gasoline and to produce more clean fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) naphtha with lower olefins, a novel FCC technologya for maximizing isoparaffins was developed in the late 1990s. The technology’s principal is based on the formation and conversion of olefins in two different reaction zones.
A game-changing approach to furnace safeguarding
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Engineering & Design / Environment / Furnaces / Loss Prevention / Natural Gas / Safety
This work is a follow-up article to “Automate furnace controls to improve safety and energy efficiency,” which was published in the June 2014 edition of <i>Hydrocarbon Processing.</i>
Viva Energy’s Geelong refinery reduces FCCU turnaround risk
Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining / Catalysts / Loss Prevention / Management / Safety
Change involves risk. Many fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) can be operated more profitably, but changes to achieve more efficient operations can be risky.
Maintenance and Reliability
Getting onboard with modernization
Environment & Safety / Gas Processing/LNG / Maintenance & Reliability / Petrochemicals / Process Control / Refining / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Information Systems / Loss Prevention / Management / Utilities
While electrical equipment typically has a lengthy lifespan, it is not meant to last, or be relevant, forever.
Corrosion impact of the mixture of butanol-blended gasoline
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Corrosion / Crude oil / Environment / Gasoline / Octane
The role of octane boosters on the corrosivity of petroleum products for gasoline/diesel engines has attracted more attention in the auto fuel market due to the depletion of fossil fuels in the world’s feedstock.
Find the best aromatics extraction system for industrial applications
Aromatics are fundamental petrochemical compounds used as raw materials to manufacture hundreds of polymers, solvents and additives; these, in turn, are used to make consumable products that people use every day.
Hydrocarbon Processing Awards
Hydrocarbon Processing Awards
Acid Gas Removal / Africa / Americas / Analyzers / Aromatics / Asia/Pacific / Catalysts / Construction / Corrosion / Desulfurization / Distillation / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Environment & Safety / Equipment / Information Systems / Gas Processing/LNG / Maintenance & Reliability / Loss Prevention / Management / Natural Gas / Octane / People / Process Control / Process Optimization / Project Management / Products / Pumps / Reactors / Refining / Rotating Equipment / Safety / Sulfur / Treating / Turbines / Valves / Middle East / Europe
<i>Hydrocarbon Processing,</i> the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication, has announced the winners for its second annual awards.
Understand the installation of steam tracing for long-term application success—Part 1
One of the most misunderstood and misused components of conductive steam tracing systems is heat transfer compound (HTC).
Environment and Safety
Process safety as a profit center?
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Information Systems / Loss Prevention / Management / People / Products / Pumps / Reactors / Safety
In today’s economic environment, new capital spending is harder to find than loose change buried under the couch cushions.
Tackle safety and environmental challenges for storage tank operators
Recent storage tank and industrial plant explosions around the world bring into focus the importance of engineering and building standards.
40 CFR Part 63: Three possible solutions, one balanced choice
By January 30, 2019, the 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart CC rule by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires petroleum refinery owners or operators of flares used as control devices for emissions points to meet the requirements of §63.670, regardless of the construction date of the flare.
Impact of opportunity crudes on refinery desalter and wastewater treatment performance—Part 2
Refiners are becoming increasingly dependent on opportunity crudes to stay competitive and support margins in the industry’s present uncertain state.
Editorial Comment: The reemergence of a collaborative platform
Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Environment / Loss Prevention / Management / People / Products / Safety
Readers have witnessed that throughout the life of the publication, <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> has always published information on new technologies to increase efficiency, safety and profitability in downstream processing operations, while introducing techniques to decrease environmental footprint and emissions and produce high-quality, clean fuels and petroleum products for consumers around the world.
Reliability: How application engineers add value
Making the vendor-manufacturer your technology provider has been our consistent advice to the user industries; we have recommended this highly effective approach for many decades.
Refining: Chinese refining industry eyes production cuts, consolidation
The Chinese refining industry is on the verge of massive production cuts and consolidation. A new tax rule aimed at curbing alleged tax evasion by independents and the end of an era of liberalization in the industry are driving the downsizing.
Associations: Taking on the challenges facing the fuels and petrochemicals industries
The American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) is made up of more than 60,000 members from more than 110 countries.
Digital: Riding the digital transformation wave
For refiners, the future is full of uncertainty. Due to market forces—e.g., the macroeconomics of oil and gas supply and demand, the increasing demand for petrochemicals and new marine low-sulfur fuel requirements—organizations are faced with many business challenges that require increasingly flexible operations.
Software: Operations intelligence software for real-time visibility
The tiny company town of Sinclair sits in south-central Wyoming.
Viewpoint: Oil and gas downstream looks to digitalization for sustained excellence
The combination of US tax reforms and changes to global bunker fuel specifications in 2020 as part of the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO’s) new regulations are set to turn the US oil and gas downstream into a cash cow.
Trends & Resources
Industry Perspectives: Refining’s real growth is through secondary unit capacity
Environment & Safety / Refining / Construction / Desulfurization / Diesel / Distillation / Environment / Gasoline / Hydrotreating / Octane / Sulfur / Treating / Asia/Pacific / Africa / Americas / Europe / Middle East
According to multiple industry reports, the global refining sector will add between 7 MMbpd and 8 MMbpd of new crude distillation unit (CDU) capacity by the early 2020s.
Business Trends: Understanding the viewpoints that shape the ever-evolving base oil landscape
Environment & Safety / Refining / Environment / Equipment / Loss Prevention / Management / Safety / Americas / Africa / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
In April, ExxonMobil launched its <i>2018 Basestocks Industry Pulse Report.</i>
US margins recorded losses as crack spreads declined for all products except fuel oil, despite lower refinery crude intakes.
Global Project Data
Environment & Safety / Refining / Construction / Desulfurization / Distillation / Sulfur / Africa / Asia/Pacific / Americas / Europe / Middle East
According to <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i>’s Construction Boxscore Database, there are nearly 470 active refining projects around the globe.
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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Long Son Petrochemicals Complex
Long Son, Vietnam
Siam Cement Group