November 2012


Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

Relief valve and flare action items: What plant engineers should know
Smith, D., Smith & Burgess LLC; Burgess, J., Smith and Burgess LLC

This article can help the plant engineer review the concerns developed by the design engineer. Implementing field modifications without performing such a review is costly and exposes a facility to unjustified risks.

Surviving and thriving in era of enhanced OSHA PSM audits
Reese, C., SSOE Group; Taylor, B., Midland Engineering

The US agency is developing special emphasis programs to target specific industries, notably refining and chemicals, with owners facing rigid inspections and stiffer fines.

Keep it simple: Three key elements to fighting flammable liquid fires
LaVergne, E., Tyco Fire Protection Products

Simple, hardy equipment, high-quality foam concentrate, and having a good understanding of the hazardous situation will remain the three keys to success, says the author.

Update on the greenhouse gas regulation by the US EPA
Crum, R., Broberg, B., URS Corp.

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began regulating the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) on January 2, 2011. Its long-awaited GHG controls guidance document, PSD and Title V Permitting G..

Bonus Report: Refining Developments

Consider new technologies to raise diesel yield in bottom-of-barrel products

The debate continues over adding a new delayed coker vs. a residue hydrocracker upstream of an existing delayed coker.

Low-pressure absorption of CO2 from flue gas: Plant economics with incentives
Tellini, M., Manenti, F., Politecnico di Milano

The precedent to this article, published in the April 2011 issue of Hydrocarbon Processing, discussed the chemical feasibility and process engineering design to absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue g..

Improve integration opportunities for aromatics units—Part 1
Vaidyanathan, S., Zhou, J., Fluor Enterprises, Inc.; Kapur, S., Apex PetroConsultants

An aromatics complex is a combination of processing units that can be used to convert petroleum naphtha and pyrolysis gasoline (pygas) into the basic petrochemical intermediates: benzene, toluene and ..


HP Reliability: Closed-oil-mist systems and maintenance cost avoidance
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A recent Hydrocarbon Processing (HP) article conveyed an industry finding that dates back several decades: Oil mist successfully lubricates operating machinery, protects and preserves standby equipmen..

HP Integration Strategies: The energy water nexus
Miller, Paul, ARC Advisory Group

Whether or not you subscribe to the global warming and “peak oil” arguments, it is clear to almost everyone in the industrial world that “business as usual” is not sustainable inde..

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 71: Statistical visual data can be useful in troubleshooting—Part 1
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

I’ve spent many years troubleshooting equipment, along with investigative research. In research-statistical design, data analysis is frequently used when test information is available. This artic..

HP Viewpoint: Age of turbulence: Charting the refining course toward a profitable future
Ozmen, S. M., Shell Global Solutions International BV

High-performing enterprises draw on external expertise during all project phases, from scouting and front-end engineering and development through to operations.

HP Control: What’s new with Foundation fieldbus—Part 1
O'Brien, L., ARC Advisory Group

FOUNDATION fieldbus continues to increase its installed base in the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI). The organization continues to develop the technology, making it easier to use, creating certi..

HP Insight: Predicting the future is no easy task
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the fourth quarter, the emphasis shifts to planning for next year. Many hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) companies have completed third-quarter earnings report and are gauging how their perfor..

HP Brief: Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Marathon Petroleum Corp. plans to purchase BP’s Texas City refinery and related assets Marathon Petroleum Corp. (MPC) has signed a definitive agreement to purchase BP’s 451,000-bpcd Texas Ci..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Sunoco Inc., and The Carlyle Group, L.P., have completed the formation of Philadelphia Energy Solutions, a joint venture (JV) that will operate the Philadelphia refinery. The refinery processes 330,00..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Bechtel has a license agreement with Pemex Refinación, the refining subsidiary of Mexican state oil company Pemex, for the process design of a delayed coking unit (DCU) complex for the new Tula r..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Alfa Laval has an order to supply its compact heat exchangers to a petrochemical company in Western Europe. The order is valued at approximately SEK 70 million. Delivery of the exchangers is scheduled..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Some of Maire Tecnimont S.p.A.’s subsidiaries have been awarded contracts totaling approximately €135 million for engineering, procurement and technology services.In Egypt, its subsidiary, T..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacfic
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technip has two contracts, worth approximately €50 million in total, for the front-end engineering and design (FEED) services of two refineries in Kazakhstan. The scope involves the modernization..

HP Construction: Africa
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

KBR was awarded a contract by Statoil Tanzania AS to perform pre-front-end engineering and design (pre-FEED) studies for a prospective liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility in Tanzania, East Africa. Th..

HP Impact: Chemical industry execs look to the future
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Chemical industry executives plan to soon use the significant cash on their balance sheets to pursue strategic acquisitions and new product developments to spur company growth, according to a survey r..

HP Impact: Energy firms must acknowledge cyber security as more than an IT problem
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Energy firms have spent vast sums on the security of their information systems, but they must reorient from a reactive, tactical posture regarding intrusions and attacks to a more strategic, holistic ..

HP Innovations: Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Neste Oil makes progress on microbial oil plantFinland’s Neste Oil recently completed the first phase of a pilot plant for producing microbial oil. The €8 million plant is expected to be com..

Free Literature

Brochure describes pump line’s features and benefitsMoyno, Inc.’s new brochure describes the technological innovations, features and benefits of its complete line of Moyno 2000 pumps. Detail..

New Developments

Products guarantee information reliability throughout the asset life cycle AVEVA NET Gatekeeper and AVEVA Change Manager, two new additions to the AVEVA Enterprise portfolio, are said to ensure inform..

HP Industry Perspectives: Industry Perspectives

Key industry officials answer a poll question from


How do project management practices guide turnaround execution?
Amendola, L., Artacho, M.A., Universitat Politècnica de València; Depool, T., PMM Institute for Learning

The complex nature of turnaround maintenance projects leads to the development of various methods of managing plant turnarounds. To discover the strengths and weaknesses of each approach during plant ..