March 2010

Clean Fuels

Consider new methods for bottom of the barrel processing-Part 2

New principles of molecule management dictate the best economics when upgrading residuum

Globally, refiners are often constrained by the need to convert a defined crude feed slate into a desired finished product slate without realizing the reaction changes required at the molecule level and associated costs for such conversions. Too often, refiners can be blinded by the compelling need to produce traditional refinery products such as transportation fuels and petrochemical feedstocks from every barrel of crude. Such actions involve expending substantial capital in the process, while ignoring economic synergistic opportunities that may exist with other nontraditional processing applications. For example, cost-effective upgrading of the bottom of the barrel can involve applying new

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