December 2009

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

Executing a standard plant design using the 4X model

Case study: A low-sulfur gasoline project on four identical process units

Clark, P., Fluor Sunninghill; Damiano Jr., V. P., Sunoco, Inc; Kulkarni, B. D., National Chemical Laboratory; O'Connor, J. T., University of Texas

Why don't we all have custom-made cars and clothes? A good reason is because it would be incredibly expensive. So, why hasn't the industry been more successful in applying that lesson to capital projects? In fact, many organizations have attempted to build duplicate plants, striving to achieve significant cost and schedule savings by building from existing drawings. But, for many reasons, it never seems to work. If we just tweak this process variable, we'll better match some feedstock variable; the equipment we bought four years ago has been upgraded and the vendor data has changed; the client has upgraded its specifications and standards and they "must" be applied; if we widen the pipe rack

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