Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

November 2008


Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

Determining the proper hazardous area classification
Bath Process Safety Management: Johnston, J. E.

Here's a common-sense approach using a basic four-part process

What you should know about liquid thermal expansion
Sazeh Consultants, Engineering and Construction: Norouzi, S.
Petrofac Engineering & Constructions: Rahimi Mofrad, S.

Decision flowchart aids in correct thermal relief valve requirements

Inspecting inaccessible piping
Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.: Saha, A  |  Sudarshan, C. H.

Long-range ultrasonic testing is a useful technique

Aged interconnecting piping integrity management
Studio db: Barone, D.
ERG Raffinerie Meditterranee SpA: Curclo, G.  |  Spampinato, M.

The approach is based on an innovative matrix

Determining system depressurizing requirements
Petrofac Engineering & Construction: Vyas, A. A.

Use these guidelines to prevent loss of containment during emergency situations

Considerations for safe and effective design of feedwater heaters
Holtec, International: Phipps, M.
Bechtel Power Corp.: Zaheer Akhtar, S.

Accounting for dry wall safety margins will impact estimates for condensing area and desuperheating area within the heater

Consider classroom training for plant operators
John Zink Co. LLC: Baukal, C.  |  McGuire, J.
BP Products North America, Inc.: Link, D.  |  Valencia, R.

Course materials are specially focused on the safe, environmentally sound and efficient operations of a processing facility

Smart actuators can prevent valve failure during critical events
Flowserve Corp.: Carey Jr., E.

They enable partial stroke testing (PST) and ensure the PST signal doesn't interfere with a simultaneous emergency shutdown signal

What chemical engineers should know about ASME codes
Mackenzie Presbyterian University: Crisi, G. S.
Sabato & Associates Ltda.: Mattos Sabato, R.

Section VIII code defines safety issues and design requirements for pressure vessels

How fan noise reduction affects cost
Hudson Products Corp.: Giammaruti, R.
Composite Solutions, LLC: Seawell, J.

Case studies for a bank of air-cooled heat exchangers and a set of cooling tower cells are presented

Bonus Report: Sustainability

Carbon capture and storage: Solution or a challenge
Granherne Pty, Ltd.: Bhatia, S.

Established and new technologies will be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Low-carbon refinery: Dream or reality
KBC Process Technology Ltd.: Spoor, R. M.

These steps show how to implement an effective carbon management system at your facility

Integrate refinery carbon dioxide reduction plans plant-wide
Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd.: Bullen, T.
Foster Wheeler, Reading: Stockle, M.

Carbon capture and reduction schemes or combination of various processes have economic value and depend on many factors

Engineering Case Histories

Case 47: Refrigeration system vibration
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

A systematic procedure can identify the vibration source

Plant Safety and Environment

Novel method measures water in lubricating oil
A2 Technologies: Higgins, F.

Low-level quantitative analysis of water in oil uses better stabilization techniques

Product Management

Maximize value for refinery 'orphan' products
The Plaza Group: Velarde, R. E.

Midsize US refiner outsourced managing and marketing of benzene to focus on its core business of gasoline and diesel production


HP Control: Where do you take those inferential models from?
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

Charts shown in my editorials, illustrating the performance of select first-principles models, have attracted much e-mail feedback. While mostly positive, some question why the editorials do not provi..

HP Reliability: Remembering Flixboro: part 2
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Last month's column attempted to make the point that reliability professionals must search for answers to questions as to why equipment failed. It related when one of six cyclohexane oxidation reactor..

HP Water Management: Hurricane 101: Prep and recovery for utilities
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

The aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita reshaped hurricane planning. Recent hurricanes in the Gulf Coast continue to teach new lessons about storm threats and methods to minimize risk and hasten ..

HP Integration Strategies: Fieldbus Foundation makes progress: part 1
ARC Advisory Group: O'Brien, L.

The Fieldbus Foundation has been making progress on several fronts that will help expand usage of the technology in both new plants and existing installations. New developments include a host registra..

HPIn Europe: Avoiding 'the coming subsidy trap' of cellulosic ethanol
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

In my last column, I wrote about my chance encounter with Ingemar Bjurenvall—a crop scientist and innovator who deplores the lack of attention paid to farming itself by the fledgling biofuels ind..

HP Associations: An inside look at the NPRA Q&A in Orlando
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

An inside look at the NPRA Q&A in Orlando The NPRA Q&A and Technology Forum invaded Orlando, Florida, for three days in early October. The gatherin..

New Developments

System for real-time inspection of combustion processes The portable FireSight diagnostic system is said to be the easiest and most economical means to achieve real-time color-video monitoring and d..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Synthesis Energy Systems, Inc. (SES) has an agreement with ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co. to provide SES the option to execute up to 15 methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) technology licenses a..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Invensys Process Systems (IPS) has a contract to upgrade control and automation systems at a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal and regasification plant at the Barcelona terminal in Spain. Un..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Co. (Takreer) has selected UOP LLC to supply technology and engineering services for an expansion at its Ruwais refinery in the UAE. The refinery will produce propylene, ..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

Australian Energy Company Ltd. (AEC) has acquired a license for two Siemens Energy 500-MW coal gasifiers. The two gasifiers are destined for a fertilizer plant in Latrobe Valley, Australia, where they..

Free Literature

   Automation solutions for refineries Four new full-color brochures for the refining industry detail specific Metso Automation Solutions for crude distillation, catalytic reformin..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

'No' to low-carbon fuels mandate Tesoro Refining & Marketing Co. has filed a lawsuit against the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to prevent i..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Asian petrochemicals propel growing demand for naphtha
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The petrochemical sector in Asia is undergoing fundamental change. According to a recent analysis from FACTS Inc., three key forces are impacting the industry's outlook: Massive expansion of Asian..

HP Impact: HPImpact: 'Hard truths' still relevant for assessing energy industry
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Last year, the National Petroleum Council (NPC) issued a comprehensive report, Facing the Hard Truths about Energy (see "HPImpact," September 2007, p. 27). Recently, key participants in the study ex..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Get 'back to basics,' advises refining industry analyst
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The Golden Age has come and gone, and refining margins have fallen from their peaks, according to Blake Eskew, vice president at Purvin & Gertz, who presented a keynote address to NPRA's recent Q&A an..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Cost increases, delays threaten security of global gas markets
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The past 18 months have been tumultuous for natural gas markets. Gas prices were high and volatile in all regional markets, with demand continuously growing and a dramatic increase of liquefied natu..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Updated valve primer aims to facilitate design for novice engineers
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

ISA reports the release of Control Valve Primer, A User's Guide, 4th Edition by Hans D. Baumann. The guide's fourth edition is claimed to be updated and significantly enlarged by adding sections on ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: China emerges as powerhouse in plastic additives industry
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Demand from China has helped drive growth in the plastic additives industry, pushing the industry to 12.2 million metric tons in 2007. The industry as a whole was valued at $32 billion, according to..