Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

July 2004


Special Report: LNG and GTL Developments

Consider barge-mounted plant to produce ultra-clean diesel
Syntroleum Corp.: Bigger, J. M.  |  Tomlinson, H. L.

New gas-to-liquids technologies enable constructing floating production units to develop stranded gas fields

LNG storage tanks: advancements in weld inspections
CB&I: Kruzic, R.

New inspection method improves jobsite examinations and verification of welds

Optimize energy integration for LNG terminals
Black & Veatch: Price, B. C.

Integrating heating requirements with adjacent facilities can provide economic bonus while improving operating efficiencies

Select the optimum extraction method for LNG regasification
KBR: Durr, C.  |  Cho, J.  |  Coyle D.
Chevron Energy Technology Co.: Huang, S.

Varying energy compositions of LNG imports may require terminal operators to remove C2+ compounds before injecting regasified LNG into pipelines

Design a turnkey floating LNG facility

Important factors to consider when planning an FPSO

Extra Report: Heat Transfer

Reduce fouling in shell-and-tube heat exchangers
Heat Transfer Research, Inc.: Bennett, C. A.
Fluor Corp.: Nesta, J.

Proper design lowers capital costs and increases both efficiency and onstream time

Direct heat recovery of a cogeneration unit saves utilities and reduces emissions
Jacobs Consultancy Nederland B.V.: Goudappel, E.  |  Sentjens, J.

Other benefits include improved refinery onstream time and reduced heater fouling/ coking

More accurate exchanger shell-side pressure drop calculations
Gulley & Associates: Gulley, D.

The growing importance of energy conservation requires accurate pressure drop calculations. One type of pressure drop calculation that can be improved is for the shell side of shell-and-tube heat exch..

Engineering and Construction

Effective new plant startup increases asset's net present value
Fluor: Leitch, J.

An integrated work process reduces investment costs and mitigates potential risks


Material selection for low-temperature applications
Consultant: Kumar, S.

Analysis shows conventional metallurgy is usually adequate for process upsets


HP Reliability: Confused about reliability-centered maintenance?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Not long ago, I received a letter from Brazil. ?Considering that I am a little bit confused about what you mean by terms such as wear-out, progressive deterioration, wear-out failures, life-shortening..

HP Automation Safety: The functional safety trend grows
exida LLC: Goble, W.

A recent survey showed a continued increase in acceptance of IEC 61511/ISA 84.01-2004. Since the IEC version of the standard was only released in the spring of 2003, the acceptance rate might be consi..

HP Integration Strategies: Knowledge management in the plant
ARC Advisory Group: Hill, D.

Tackling the problems of knowledge management (KM) is a bit like tackling world hunger. KM pervades all aspects of almost every manufacturing enterprise. Our recent survey on the subject confirmed tha..

HPIn Europe: German airline refuels with Russian product
European Refining & Marketing: Pitt, R.

Lukoil has become the first Russian oil company to fuel a Lufthansa (Germany) plane with Jet A-1 fuel. Lukoil reportedly has invested a lot time and money in adjusting its production and fuel supply p..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Kane, L.  |  Romanow, Stephany

New flexible cryogenic hose for LNG transfer BPP Technical Services Ltd., BHP Billiton Petroleum Pty. Ltd. and Dantec Ltd. have developed a new flexible cryogenic hose construction for ship-to-ship..

New Developments
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Kane, L.  |  Romanow, Stephany

Cabling solutions for industrial Ethernet KERPEN's new industrial Ethernet solutions are said to withstand rougher and more demanding industrial, mechanical and environmental conditions. New cable c..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a contract from ConocoPhillips to provide engineering, procurement and construction services for an ultra-low-sulfur diesel project located at ConocoPhillips' refiner..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

GE Energy has received a contract worth ?51 million from Norsk Hydro Production ASA to supply five compression trains for the Ormen Lange gas processing plant in Nyhamna, Norway. Norsk Hydro, which is..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

JGC Corp. has a contract from Shell Global Solutions International, a Royal Dutch Shell/ Group affiliate company, for the FEED services of a large-scale commercial gas to liquids (GTL) plant. The faci..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Lurgi AG, an mg technologies ag subsidiary, has a contract to build a methanol plant in the Hainan province, China. The agreement is with the Chinese National Offshore Oil Co. (CNOOC) ?  Kingboar..

Free Literature

Reciprocating compressors for low-temperature gases Burckhardt Compression manufactures a complete series of labyrinth piston process gas and hyper compressors. With detaile..

HP In Brief: HPInBrief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  Added oil output eases prices OPEC's June pledge to rai..

HP Impact: US gasoline prices bolster strong global refining margins
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Since the beginning of the year, hydro-skimming and cracking margins have shown a marked improvement from year-earlier levels (Fig. 1). US gasoline was the primary support to Atlantic basin margins pa..

HP Impact: Energy independents in US achieve 11% boost in earnings
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Income for the 51 independent energy companies grew 11% in first quarter 2004 over earnings in first quarter of 2003 (Table 1), according to recent data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA..

HP Impact: Methanol from coal technology could fuel hydrogen economy
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Researchers at the University of Florida have concluded that producing methanol from domestic coal offers a cost-effective pathway for supplying hydrogen for future fuel cell vehicles. The Gainesvil..

HP Impact: China's economic boom creates global ripples in energy markets
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Between 2000 and 2004, China accounted for an astounding 40% of the total growth in world oil demand, and its rapid economic growth has turned it into the world's second-largest oil market. Analyzing ..

HP Impact: Demand for engineered plastics to reach 5.5 billion pounds
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Engineered plastics demand in the US is expected to increase over 4%/yr to 5.5 billion pounds in 2008. This is a value of $10.1 billion, according to a new study from The Freedonia Group, Inc., a Clev..

HP Impact: GTL projects: finally moving forward?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Commercial-scale gas-to-liquids (GTL) operations started in the 1990s when Mossgas in South Africa and Shell in Malaysia brought their plants online. Other than pilot facilities, these two GTL plants ..

HP Impact: Canadian heavy oil: answer to OPEC?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A new study from FACTS Inc. examines the debate about whether Canadian heavy oils are North America's answer to OPEC. With Canadian proven reserves at 178 billion barrels, now the second highest in th..


Trends in control valve applications assessed

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor       Comments? Write: WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com The worldwide ..