Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

March 2002


Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Mitigate coke formation
Technip: Barendregt, S.
ATOFINA: Brun C.  |  Humblot, F.
Technip Benelux: Woerde, H. M.

A new anticoke technology sustains a noncatalytic layer on cracking tubes that reduces coking

Consider divided-wall technology for butadiene extraction
BASF: Bohner, G.  |  Heida, B.  |  Kindler, K.

Using this process can improve energy consumption and costs

Optimize distillation operations with ejectors
Consultant: Meili, A.
Sulzer Chemtech: Meszaros, I.

This heat-pump system can reduce energy consumption for various product separations

Improve your hydrogen potential
Technip-Coflexip: Ratain, S.
Repsol YPF: Vales, C. F.

Retrofitting an existing plant can provide a cost-effective way to meet incremental demand for hydrogen

Engineering and Construction

Quantitative risk management aids refinery construction
University of The West Indies, Cave Hill Campus: Dey, P. K.

Combining the Analytic Hierarchy Process and decision tree analysis provides an effective means for controlling a complex project

Heat Transfer/Reliability

Lower heat exchanger maintenance costs
Marathon Ashland Petroleum, LLC: Andrews, S.
Meridium, Inc.: Matusheski, B.

Failure analysis was used to predict replacement times, saving millions of dollars per year


Integrating tank farm operations
Nynas Refining AB: Hallstrom, R.  |  Montin, T.
Pronyx AB: Stalhandske, P.

Combining a high-level expert system with the DCS increased productivity and reduced losses

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Understand AC induction motor vibration
Qatar Fertilizer Company: Mansoor, A.

Use these guidelines to diagnose mechanical and electrical problems


HP Control: Highlights from the ARC Forum
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Kane, L.

The ARC Advisory Group (Dedham, Massachusetts) held itsManufacturing Strategies Forum, February 11 and 12 in Orlando,Florida. This was an excellent meeting to learn about high-levelprocess and busines..

HP Reliability: Operator’s role in achieving equipment reliability
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

In virtually every modern process plant, we will find operating,maintenance and reliability / technical job functions. The mostprofitable of these facilities have managed to train theirpersonnel. Also..

HPInternet: OSHA’s Petroleum Refining Processes
Competitive Analysis Technologies: Crowley, B.

The government is often viewed as an adversary to our efforts, butthis is not always the case. Here is an example of a great sitefull of information about the hydrocarbon processing industry fromthe U..

HP Insight: A real danger to the HPI – Congress
SIS-Tech Solutions, LLC: Summers, A.

The terrorist attacks' wake has spilled across many economicsectors, severely damaging industries from airlines to retailing.The greatest threat facing the hydrocarbon processing industries'(HPI) futu..

HP Water Management: Audit your closed-loop cooling water circuits
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

Many plants with highly decentralized operating units often useseveral closed-loop cooling systems to serve process systems.Traditionally, the utilities department may also haveresponsibility for smal..

HP Automation Safety: Valves in safety applications
exida LLC: Goble, W.

As the safety lifecycle (SLC) methods of ISA84.01 and IEC61508 arebecoming more widespread, engineers who design safety instrumentedsystems (SISs) are starting to think more about the valves theyuse. ..

HP Impact: Workflow management solutions explored
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Data management solution investments by the process and powerindustries will grow far more rapidly than the data managementmarket as a whole, according to a new study by Daratech, Inc., aCambridge, Ma..

HP Impact: Natural gas’s volatile business cycle continues
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

"We should not mistake the calm in today's natural gas prices asanything more than the low side of our normal business cycle,"advises R. Skip Horvath, president of the U.S. Natural Gas SupplyAssociati..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ABB retrofitting plant in PolandABB has a $165 million olefins plant revamp contract with PKN ORLENS.A., Plock, Poland. The retrofit is designed to increase ethyleneproduction from 360,000 metric tpy ..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief

Polypropylene (PP) growth rate was 6%/yr until 2000; futuregrowth is expected to slow only slightly. PP's diversity in enduses has helped sustain its growth through 2001-a very slowindustrial spending..

HP Impact: Chemicals slump: this too shall pass, but when?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

With the significant capacity overhang prevalent today,petrochemicals producers will need to closely monitor comparativeinternational oil and domestic natural gas values. So says a recentCMAI market a..

HP Impact: Maintenance spending to reach $250 million in ethylene market
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A database from Industrial Information Resources, Inc. (IIR) hasidentified over 44 major maintenance turnarounds representing over$250 million in expenditures. These are scheduled to take place atU.S...

HP Impact: Huge China JV grassroots project secures financing
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A loan package comprising $1.8-billion equivalent in debt financinghas been provided to the Shanghai SECCO Petrochemical CompanyLimited (SECCO). This is the largest debt financing that a Chineseenterp..

HP Impact: Executive offers outlook for ‘global gas economy’
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

John A. Manzoni, Chief Executive Gas, Power&Renewables for BPspoke at the CERAWEEK Conference, Houston, Feb. 13, 2002. He sharedhis perspective on what he believes is an emerging global gaseconomy. Hi..

HP Impact: New projects to yield more efficient separations
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

"Petroleum refining is a series of separation steps," explains theOffice of Industrial Technology's petroleum team leader Jim Quinn."Energy can be saved in many of those steps." Each of five recentR&D..

HP Impact: Fuels combination to run engines of future?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Is zero pollution an objective that can be reached in five yearsusing available technologies? Yes, say the automakers and engineR&D centers meeting at an international conference on newcombustion proc..

HP Impact: U.S. water management trends to 2005
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Demand for water management chemicals in the U.S. is forecast toincrease 5%/yr to $4.3 billion in 2005. Volume growth will average1.6%, to 15.8 billion pounds. In most major product types and innearly..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the editor

I really enjoyed Heinz Bloch's article, "Looking for RCFAdatabases" (Jan. 2002). He touched on several very importantpoints. I think one problem with the article may relate toterminology usage. Mean t..


In search of the perfect clean-fuel options
Methanol Institute: Dolan, G. A.

Leaders of the global automotive industry often refer to fuel-cellvehicles as the "Holy Grail" of propulsion technology. Thepetrochemical industry's quest is finding a hydrogen-carrier fuelto fill thi..

Consider over-the-fence product stream swapping to raise profitability

By exchanging process streams, neighboring HPI facilities can increase yields without new unit construction