Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

August 2002


Special Report: Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Avoid open impeller failures
Borsig Technologies, Inc.: Knight, C.

Numerical methods can help determine causes of failure

Case study in reliability implementation
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

These guidelines can be beneficial to any plant

Simplified method monitors pump performance
Sunoco, Inc: Russek, M.
Sasol: Budhram, D.
Flint Hills Resources, L.P.: Perez, R. X.

Portable transit-time flowmeters reduce the number of measurements needed

Using ball valves in control applications
B-Controls: Brucken, F. W.

They can provide performance improvements for less cost

Gear standards: comparing ratings and requirements
Lufkin Industries: Beckman, K. O.

Understanding the differences can help reduce problems

Engineering Case Histories

Case 10: Piping vibrating failures
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

Historical charts are useful in showing where not to operate


Consider new refinery compliance standards now being set through litigation actions
Bechtel Corp.: Hill, J.

In addition to established environmental laws, the U.S. EPA uses enforcement settlements to devise more stringent performance for manufacturing facilities, especially refineries

Management Guidelines

Unintended consequences: the costs of complexity
Elliott-Luepker & Associates: Elliott, G.

Unless the root causes of this dysfunction are identified and defeated, organizational problems will continue

Process Optimization

Is your process correctly scaled to manufacture consistent product?
Borealis A/S: Moen, O.

Mixing technology is a vital parameter for premium processing


HP Reliability: Slinger rings revisited
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

A major pump manufacturer has recently advocated that the grooved oil rings presently used by one of its customers be "replaced by the newer, and more effective, flat oil rings." That'..

HPInternet: Coordinating Research Council
Competitive Analysis Technologies: Crowley, B.

If you are in the downstream industry where the fuel meets the automobile, you have probably heard about the Coordinating Research Council (CRC). CRC is a nonprofit organization that direct..

HP Insight: Planning models for joint venture refineries function as a contract
Consultant: Hartmann, J.C.M.

In a joint venture (JV) refinery, the shareholders supply crudes of their choice and share the operating cost of processing those crudes into final products. In return, the shareholder..

HP Water Management: Understand your ion-exchange resin analysis
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

In utility systems, ion-exchange resins remove dissolved contaminants from filtered water to create boiler feedwater. The simplest ion exchange process is sodium zeolite softening that..

HP Automation Safety: Are fire and gas systems SISs?
exida LLC: Goble, W.

ISA 84.01 or IEC 61511 standards make no specific mention of "fire and gas (F&G)" systems. However, many are asking the question: Are F&G systems classified as safety systems? Why woul..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Improved GTL catalyst commercially available Sasol is developing a new cobalt (Co)-based Fischer-Tropsch (FT) catalyst. Typically, the Co-based catalyst is preferred over traditional ir..

New Developments

Heat exchanger software Each program of Codeware's new suite of heat exchanger software - TEMA Exchanger, ASME Exchanger and Tubesheet Layout Program - performs complete mechanical desi..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ABB maintaining Norwegian interests ABB has a letter of intent for a long-term contract with Phillips Petroleum Co. Norway to provide modification work and maintenance assistance on oil..

Free Literature

Products for monitoring and detecting gas Industrial Scientific Corp.'s new 84-page catalog, "Gas Detecting and Monitoring Products, Vol. 3," features its full line of portable and fixe..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

U.S. energy plan should address petroleum industry's 'looming manpower shortage,' says the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC). A blue ribbon task force recently released..

HP Impact: Asia-Pacific petroleum product demand outlook
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

"Most signs are pointing to a strong recovery in the U.S. economy, and the Asia-Pacific economies appear to be following its lead," according to an analysis from FACTS Inc. (www.factsi..

HP Impact: New Source Review reforms announced
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Acting on a bipartisan call for improving the New Source Review (NSR) program, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently submitted recommendations for reform to President..

HP Impact: Small Texas producers meeting NOx compliance
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Small chemical producers in Texas are increasingly optimistic about their ability to meet and comply with new TNRCC (Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission) regulations that ma..

HP Impact: Oil, gas kept flowing during tough year
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Nations need not be over-concerned about energy security in the face of unexpected world events, according to BP chief executive Lord Browne. Despite the disruptions of last year - includin..


Criteria for recalibrating automatic sampling systems in crude service

Use these guidelines to determine when recalibration is necessary

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co. has a licensing and engineering agreement with ChevronTexaco Exploration&Production Co., a Chevron U.S.A., Inc. division, for Flexsorb SE technol..

Taking a look at the ratings . . .
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Peters, Mark

As the new Publisher, I wanted to take a minute of your valuable time to introduce myself and let you know some of the developments that are occurring with my favorite magazine - Hydro..

Small projects: in search of excellence

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor Comments? Write: weirauchw@gulfpub.com HPI owners and engineering construction contractors dedicate significant portions of their annual capital budgets o..

Oil industry and IT: lessons to be learned

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor Comments? Write: weirauchw@gulfpub.com The U.S. stock market has been hit by a triple whammy. The first shock was the abrupt and shocking meltdown in the ..

EU chemical industry: positive 2003 prospects

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor Comments? Write: weirauchw@gulfpub.com At its annual General Assembly in Versailles in June, the European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic) presented its ..