February 2003

Archive

Special Report: Clean Fuels

Refinery hydrogen management – the big picture
Huycke, R., UOP N.V.; Zagoria, A., UOP LLC

Hydrogen network operating decisions affect the bottom line every day, but most refineries do not apply the tools that could dramatically increase profitability

Protect desulfurization catalyst with prefiltration systems
Cathcart, N., Lindstrom, T. H., Pall Corp.; Levesque, F., Pall Canada

Suspended solids in refinery feeds foul critical desulfurization catalysts and heat exchange equipment and rob refiners of potential profits

The ultimate 'clean' fuel – Gas-to-liquid products
Ashley, M., Gamlin, T., Davy Process Techonology; Font Freide, J., BP

New reforming technology enables converting stranded natural gas into low-sulfur syngas

Consider onsite gas supply to meet processing needs
Heisel, M., Linde AG; Scholz, G., Schweer, D., Linde AG, Gas and Engineering

By outsourcing industrial gas sources, refiners can focus resources – capital and manpower – on upgrading crude oil into higher-value products

Noncapital intensive technologies reduce FCC sulfur content – Part 1
Lesemann, M., Schult, C., Davison Catalysts

Innovative solutions such as catalysts and membranes can be used to navigate the 'roadmap' for clean fuels agenda

Bonus Report: Laboratory Instrumentation

Ion chromatography analysis
Chassaniol, K., Dionex Corp

Improve facility operations with this valuable technique

Determine low-level sulfur in hydrocarbon gases
Firor, R. L., Quimby, B. D., Agilent Technologies

Consider a dual-channel gas chromatographic system as an analytical option

Maintenance and Reliability

Consider a risk-based inspection program to improve safety and availability
Aguilar-Otero, J. R., Ovalle-Turrubiartes, J., Corporacion Mexicana de Investigacion en Materiales

Within the framework of a process safety management program, this method helps to minimize maintenance costs and reduce plant risk level

Engineering Case Histories

Case 13: Large internal thread strip-out
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Analysis helps when making the tough decisions

Piping/Reliability

Dynamic analysis of pipe stress
Chowdhary, M. G., Reliance Refinery; Bhattachrya, A., Bechtel India Pvt Ltd.; Varshney, H., Fluor Daniel India

Proper mathematical modeling requires a good understanding of the fundamentals

Columns

HP Reliability: Update your oil mist lubrication knowledge
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

We recently had occasion to review supposedly new, but nevertheless seriously outdated, information on the subject of oil mist lubrication. The flawed material appeared in a write-up ba..

HP Integration Strategies: Improve your bottom line with critical condition management
Ghosh, A., HP Editorial Staff

As automation technology advances in complexity and sophistication, operating personnel face an increasingly complex decision-making process in dealing with critical conditions. Today, ..

HPIn Europe: Refining uncertainty into the future
Pitt, R., European Refining & Marketing

The refining industry is continuing to endure a tough time and, for the foreseeable future, this picture does not look like changing, certainly in Europe. In addition to the pressures, ..

HP Water Management: Influent clarification
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Surface water from lakes and rivers requires removal of suspended solids to be suitable for cooling systems or to feed softeners, demineralizers or reverse osmosis units. The convention..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Vibration test, measurement instrument uses PDA The MicroVibe, a portable vibration test and measurement instrument from SKF Reliability Systems, is claimed to make sophisticated analys..

HPInformer
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

FERC grants LNG terminal approval The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has granted preliminary approval to Hackberry LNG Terminal LLC's certificate application. This is for its pr..

New Developments

Coating aids quality control and structural inspection Optically active coating system (OACS) is said to be suitable for a wide array of manufacturing and inspection applications. These..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

North America ExxonMobil completed a $7 million expansion at its Beaumont, Texas, lube oil blending plant. The project incorporated ExxonMobil's new GreasePro technology at the facility..

Free Literature

Vacuum technology education Literature from Graham Corp. offers information on its VacAdemics seminars. These classes are said to help participants make technically and economically sound ..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Lab software upda..

HP Impact: ‘Dynamism’ to return to chemicals business
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

After a challenging year in 2001, the U.S. chemicals sector returned to growth in 2002. A boost in shipments occurred as customers began reordering, following the most protracted invent..

HP Impact: Middle East refineries upgrade product quality
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Regional economies in the Middle East have shifted away from simple resource extraction and export and are focusing more on value-added exports. Nearly every country in the area now has..

HP Impact: Venezuela announces plans to split PDVSA
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Preliminary plans have been announced by Venezuela's government to take the state-owned oil company - PDVSA - and break it in two. The restructuring would "decentralize" the company and..

HP Impact: ‘Up-cycle’ on horizon for global styrene
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

World styrene demand grew 5.1% in 2002, a contrast to the 1.8% decline in 2001. "After negative spot cash margins throughout 2001 for U.S. producers, the margins in 2002 were a huge ble..

HP Impact: Carbon sequestration research to expand
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Carbon sequestration is a promising area of research in which carbon emissions are captured and permanently stored, rather than being released into the atmosphere. The Department of Ene..

HP Impact: Look for your safety system’s weakest link
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

When it comes to safety instrumented systems, simply deciding on a logic box should be the least concern. According to the Certified Functional Safety Expert (CFSE) organization, key cr..

HP Impact: Corporate IT security remains top priority
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Despite the post-September 11 urgency for improved plant/enterprise security and business continuity, corporate investment dollars did not immediately follow. After an initial spike, ma..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the editor

New design Hydrocarbon Processing is probably the only magazine for process industry professionals that includes process optimization, equipment, instrumentation, maintenance, safety an..

Misc

Burden of proving ULSD rests with the testing method
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

What defines a "clean fuel"? Ultimately, it is the final fuel certification as obtained through an approved laboratory measurement method. For low-sulfur-content fuels, several major te..

Trends in catalysis research to meet future refining needs Table 6

  Table 6. Processes and new developments for atmospheric and vacuum residue ..

Gasoline quality drives desulfurization methods

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor       Comments? Write: WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Regional gasoline markets of Nor..

An Asian recovery? Pump sales forecast

Wendy Weirauch, Managing Editor       Comments? Write: WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com An optimistic outlook from the H..