Zhenlu, F.

CPECC, Qingdao, China

is the chief process engineer for the Process department of China Petroleum Engineering & Construction Corp.’s (CPECC’s) East-China Design Branch. He has 10 years of experience in refinery design, with specialized expertise in the crude and vacuum distillation, and alkylation processes. Mr. Zhenlu holds an MS degree from Tianjin University in Tianjin, China.

Determine fouling margins in tubular heat exchanger design

Fouling, which is caused mainly by the deposition and accumulation of an undesired layer of solids on a heat transfer surface, is very common in tubular heat exchangers.