Xing, Z.

CPECC, Qingdao, China

is the senior process engineer for the Process department of CPECC’s East-China Design Branch. He has 10 years of experience in refinery design, with specialized expertise in the fluid catalytic cracking process. Mr. Xing holds an MS degree from China University of Petroleum (Huadong) in Dongying, China.

Determine fouling margins in tubular heat exchanger design

Fouling, which is caused mainly by the deposition and accumulation of an undesired layer of solids on a heat transfer surface, is very common in tubular heat exchangers.