Refining

Hydroprocessing catalyst reload and restart best practices—Part 1

Dyke, S., PetroQuantum; Pongboot, N., Global R&D

Hydroprocessing (hydrotreating and hydrocracking) units are high-pressure, high-temperature units that have multiple reactors, multiple beds per reactor and specialized metallurgy.

HRSG water/steam sampling: Do it right or face potential consequences

Buecker, B., ChemTreat, Inc.; Powalisz, J., Sentry Equipment Corp.

Many large industrial facilities—including refineries, and chemical and petrochemical plants—are increasingly turning to co-generation for process steam and power production.

The effects of highly corrosive fluids on valves and disasters that can be avoided

Welsford, G., ValveMan

Some of the highly corrosive fluids in the oil and gas industry contain the following compounds: carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, chlorides and moisture.

Fouling in hydrogen recycle gas compressors

Zardynezhad, S., TurboTech Consulting Corp.

Hydrogen recycle gas compressors are one of the most significant rotating equipment in oil refineries, petrochemical plants and upgraders.

Use a simple vapor equation for sizing two-phase pressure relief valves

Pressure relief valves (PRVs) protect process equipment from the hazards of excessive over-pressure.

Oil refiners, unions press U.S. EPA on biofuel blending costs

Oil refining company and labor union representatives pressed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at a virtual meeting last week to lower costs of the nation's biofuel blending program .

Innovations

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Thermo Scientific Delta Q isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS) is a next-generation gas IRMS designed to enable detailed analysis with greater precision and accuracy.

Valves, Pumps and Turbomachinery: Achieving the right installation torque with a virtual calculation

Wegener, C., Rembe

Determining the required installation torque for a tight flange system is a daily challenge for industrial valve manufacturers and plant operators.

Environment and Safety: Gas flaring: Necessary, or a waste of resources and a source of greenhouse gases?

Rastogi, A., Fluor Daniel India Pvt. Ltd.

Flaring is the controlled burning of hydrocarbons at oil refineries, gas processing plants and petrochemical plants.

Business Trends: Non-OEM parts—Buyer beware

Boyle, B., Emerson

What is the harm in wearing a knock-off Rolex watch?