Maintenance & Reliability

Process control reimagined

Imagine visiting the control room of a typical process unit at a refinery.

Good distributor design for high-velocity feed debottlenecks a crude preflash tower

Blum, B., Bazan Group; Kister, H., Fluor; Tsang, R., Koch-Glitsch

Bazan Group’s crude unit No. 3—not designed by any of the authors’ companies—was bottlenecked by the preflash tower.

Vapor velocity guidelines for horizontal flare knockout drums

Flare knockout (KO) drums are important components of effluent handling systems.

Thick-wall reactor shell repair procedure after damage detection at an interface in a hydrocracking unit

Chidambaram, S., Central Mechanical Research Institute

The vessel and reactor operating in a refinery may undergo various deteriorations due to their operating conditions.

Ensuring safety in dynamic chemical manufacturing environments

Knecht, S., ITT Goulds Pumps

As with all industries, chemical manufacturing is evolving in response to technical innovations, new customer requirements and increased global competition.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 112: Remote failure analysis consulting

Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

An article on “Remote training of personnel”1 is interesting and appropriate at this time of COVID-19. It outlines the difficulties in presenting remote training courses and suggests methods that can help.

Reliability: Taking ownership of problems

Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Taking ownership of issues during a critical or troubling time is just as important as assuming responsibility during times of opportunity and benefit.

Industry Perspectives

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the second half of 2021, Hydrocarbon Processing is hosting two events to showcase the leading technologies and people in the refining, petrochemicals and gas processing/LNG industries: The International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) and the HP Awards. A “call for abstracts” has opened for both events.

Alarm management: A pillar of process safety management

Moreno, C. G., QHSE Institute

The following describes how an adequate implementation of alarm management is a fundamental part in process safety management (PSM).

TOTAL refineries improve overhead systems corrosion and salting with amine-neutralizing technology

Brun, L. A., Majorel, C., Thoret-Bauchet, J. P., Total; Pothuaud, A., Cross, C., SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions

Weak organic amines are commonly used in crude unit overhead systems to prevent acidic corrosion from chlorides and other acidic contaminants via a neutralization reaction.