- Global Energy Infrastructure
Special Report: Corrosion Control
How caustic stress leads to failures of incinerator caustic spray nozzles
Frequent failures of the waste spray nozzles in incinerators result in accelerated degradation of the refractory lining, requiring unscheduled shutdowns for repairs. A study was carried out to identify the factors that contributed to the nozzle failure and to prevent the reoccurrence of similar failures in the future.
Extend heat exchanger lifecycle with hyper-duplex stainless steel
Intensifying performance demands in refineries, coupled with the ongoing decline in crude oil quality, require a new and improved duplex SS grade to withstand increasingly tough operating conditions. This need has led to the development of hyper-duplex stainless steels.
Evaluate the reliability of a reformer heater convection tube
The findings and analysis herein confirm that HDSS can extend material performance levels beyond existing SDSS grades, thereby reducing maintenance requirements and unplanned shutdowns for more productive and cost-effective operations.
Improve the operation of fired heaters
Petrochemicals / Process Control / Process Optimization / Refining / Americas / Analyzers / Asia/Pacific / Boilers / Construction / Crude oil / Drying / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Europe / Furnaces / Heat Transfer / Information Systems / Middle East / Naphtha / Natural Gas / Safety / Treating / Utilities
Fired heaters or “process furnaces” are used extensively by the refining and petrochemical industries. These heat transfer units generate the much needed process energy through the combustio..
Determine the design metal temperature for a secondary reformer
An air-burning system should be designed so that there is no maintenance required between scheduled shutdowns every two years. To achieve this, a metal temperature study should be carried out for the design of the pressure parts and for the refractory design.
Optimize online monitoring of base oil
Process Control / Process Optimization / Refining / Americas / Analyzers / Asia/Pacific / Economics / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Europe / Information Systems / Middle East
Latter-model vehicles and new automotive engine designs now require higher-quality lubrication oils, such as Groups II and III. Demand for Group II/III base oils is increasing. To capitalize on the gr..
Shale oil characterization optimizes refining process
Process Optimization / Refining / Americas / Biofuels / Cetane / Construction / Crude oil / Desulfurization / Diesel / Distillation / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Gasoline / Hydrocracking / Hydrogen / Naphtha / Octane / Reactors / Treating
The abundance of shale oils is an unexpected gift for US refiners. These new crude oils have different characteristics from conventional oils that will affect refining processes and the operation of p..
Update on the catalytic cracking process and standpipes—Part 1
Process Optimization / Refining / Alcohols / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Catalysts / Construction / Crude oil / Diesel / Engineering & Design / Europe / Gasoline / Middle East / Octane
The fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) process is a well-established technology used by complex refineries. It is a key profit center, as the FCC unit (FCCU) has the flexibility to produce transportation ..
Contain ‘normal’ leakage from primary seals
Dry containment seals have gained popularity over the last few decades and provided reliable service. The refinery sector has used this sealing technology to limit fugitive emissions in a cost-effecti..
HP Editorial Comment: Downstream has good news for 2015
Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining / Americas / Construction / Crude oil / Diesel / Distillation / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Gasoline / Hydrocracking / Hydrogen / Hydrotreating / Management / Naphtha / Octane / Reactors / Safety
The outlook is optimistic for downstream companies. Independent refiners are positive on present and future demand for transportation fuels.
HP Reliability: Consider oil-resistant cable terminations to increase electric motor reliability
Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Project Management / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Construction / Drivers / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Europe / Management / Middle East / Motors / Rotating Equipment / Safety
Most engineers are familiar with adhesive-coated insulating tape used by electricians in the field and maintenance shop. If we use this tape in the engine compartment of an automobile, it will soon be..
HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: How low oil prices are affecting new project announcements
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Construction / Economics / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Europe / Gas to liquids (GTL) / Management / Middle East
Beginning in July 2014, the world began to witness a widespread fall in crude oil prices. With the decrease in global crude oil prices, what has this meant for new project announcements in the downstream sector?
HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 83: What are useful questions to ask before starting a vibration analysis?
Maintenance & Reliability / Process Control / Process Optimization / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Compressors / Construction / Drivers / Economics / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Europe / Information Systems / Management / Middle East / Motors / Pumps / Rotating Equipment / Turbines / Utilities / Valves
Periodically, this author receives questions from readers throughout the world addressing what performance issues could be wrong with a centrifugal compressor that is vibrating. Note: It is impossible..
HP Global: Latin America’s refinery product demand is decelerating
Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Construction / Crude oil / Diesel / Economics / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Europe / Gasoline / Hydrogen / Management / Middle East / Natural Gas
The trajectory of refined product balances in Latin America and the Caribbean is changing. With demand growth slowing and throughput expected to rise by 2020, the region’s combined deficits for p..
HP Petrochemicals: Fatal DuPont leak shows need for improved chemical safety systems
The November 15 chemical leak at DuPont’s plant in La Porte, Texas was the company’s third fatal US accident in five years and the deadliest of them all. The blast took the lives of four wor..
HP Project Management: Energy efficiency: Getting in early pays off exponentially
Process Optimization / Project Management / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Boilers / Construction / Distillation / Economics / Engineering & Design / Equipment / Europe / Furnaces / Heat Transfer / Information Systems / Management / Middle East / Safety / Utilities
There are many situations and circumstances when it makes good sense to pursue energy efficiency for industrial processes. But when is the best time for such action?Better operating practicesIn existi..
Trends and Resources
HP Industry Perspectives: Notables from BP's Energy Outlook 2035
Gas Processing/LNG / Refining / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Biofuels / Crude oil / Diesel / Economics / Environment / Europe / Gas to liquids (GTL) / Gasification / Gasoline / Middle East
In mid-February, BP released its outlook for the next 20 years. As reminded by BP’s new chief economist, Spencer Dale, the outlook is a projection of what is most likely to occur based on the inf..
Labor union strike affecting US refining industryThere is no end in sight to the United Steelworkers Union (USW) strike affecting several US refineries. The USW has filed unfair labor practices charge..
HP Industry Metrics
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Refining / Americas / Aromatics / Asia/Pacific / Catalysts / Crude oil / Diesel / Europe / Gasoline / Middle East / Naphtha / Octane / Polymers
The global market is experiencing a potential temporary recovery from a prolonged decline, possibly followed by the continuation of the downtrend. This is reflected in continued growth in the US tight..
Maintenance & Reliability / Petrochemicals / Refining / Acid Gas Removal / Analyzers / Crude oil / Heat Transfer / Treating / Products
Corrosion prevention for high-TAN refiningFor petroleum refiners, improving profitability by processing high-total-acid-number (high-TAN) crude oils requires an investment in high-temperature corrosio..
The Gas Processors Association (GPA) has hired Matthew Hite as VP of government affairs to lead GPA’s federal advocacy activities and open the GPA Office of Federal Affairs in Washington, DC.
HP Free Literature
Enerfab Inc. has launched a new website representing its current and future perspective to provide best-in-class service to customers in the chemical, petrochemical, power and other industries.
New in Catalysts Supplement
2015 Catalyst developments: Innovation and value creation
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Refining / Alcohols / Americas / Aromatics / Asia/Pacific / Biofuels / Catalysts / Cetane / Crude oil / Desulfurization / Diesel / Distillation / Economics / Engineering & Design / Europe / Gasoline / Hydrocracking / Hydrogen / Middle East / Naphtha / Natural Gas / Octane / Polymers
Hydrocarbon Processing invited major catalyst companies and industry consultants to share their insights regarding innovations and trends for new catalytic technologies.Challenges to be solved“As..
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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Long Son Petrochemicals Complex
Long Son, Vietnam
Siam Cement Group