December 2013


Special Report: Plant Design, Engineering and Construction

Optimize relief loads with dynamic simulation
Xie, C. L., Wang, Z. G., CPECC East China Design Branch; Qin, Y. F., SimTech Beijing Ltd.

Pressure relief analysis is a critical task at the engineering design stage of a grassroots oil refinery project. Relief loads must be determined so that the process units and plant flare systems can be designed.

Mitigate heat exchanger corrosion with better construction materials
Perea, E., Sandvik Materials Technology

Better materials can provide optimal equipment service life, reduce maintenance, mitigate contamination by corrosion products and minimize heat loss due to fouling.

Video game technology transforms operator training
Coppin, D., AVEVA

Thanks to advances in gaming technology with detailed 3D modeling, it has become practical, affordable and quick to create a navigable, hyper-real equivalent of a facility.

Design a staggered depressurization sequence for flare systems
Dole, R., Bhatt, S., Sridhar, S., L&T-Chiyoda Ltd.

Emergency depressurization is one of the most important design provisions for safeguarding facilities in case of an emergency. To overcome limitations of flare system capacity during such a scenario, depressurization can be practiced in a sequential manner. Presented here are the criteria and calculation methods for designing sequential depressurization, along with guidelines for the implementation of recommended designs.

HPI Focus: Top HPI Projects

Top HPI Projects
Romanow, Stephany, Thinnes, Billy, DuBose, Ben, Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Construction of HPI projects involves numerous risks for several parties. The design and construction of such complexes can take years, from project announcement to commissioning of the complexes. The..

Refining Developments

Mitigate fouling in crude unit overhead—Part 3
Sloley, A. W., CH2M Hill

CASE STUDYThe basis for this case study is shown in Fig. 18; it is a crude unit with overhead heat integration. This is a one-drum overhead system with heat integration and no water wash. In an attemp..


Rethink the hazards in your process
Modi, R., Professional engineer

In designing process safety systems, “more” is not necessarily better. Advanced technology has created a mindset to over-install hardware to prevent or to reduce the risk of failure in hydro..

Safety/Loss Prevention

Consider process-based failure analysis methods for piping and equipment

Avoiding incident (or accident) recurrences at industrial systems is a long-standing problem, and it involves process safety strategies (PSSs). Incurring zero incidents is the ultimate goal for any st..


HP Editorial Comment: By the numbers
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

At times, engineers, bankers, scientists and accountants can be obsessed with numbers. Why? Because numbers are vital, especially in the design and operation of process units and equipment. Anniversar..

HP Reliability: Demand specifics in designing your asset management programs
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In 2009, an automation journal commissioned an online survey asking industry observers and practitioners to rank technology trends in 2009 and beyond.1 Table 1 summarizes the respondents’ prefere..

HP Integration Strategies: Engineering design tools are moving to the ‘cloud’
Slansky, Dick, ARC Advisory Group

According to a new market study on engineering design tools, new 3D design applications can play an integral part in determining the optimal design, creation and construction of HPI facilities.

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: Iraq’s billion-dollar road to energy stability
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Much of Iraq’s future prosperity hinges on the success of its oil and gas sector. Petroleum already accounts for over 90% of the country’s energy needs, with a small percentage being supplie..

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 76: Simple troubleshooting analysis tips are useful
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Analyzing failed parts or poor operation requires the proper skills and equipment. Sometimes these investigations are not always very difficult. Often, troubleshooting a failure just requires a logica..

HP Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

After a bitter labor battle, INEOS Grangemouth reopensINEOS Grangemouth (UK) has reopened its petrochemicals plant and oil refinery in Scotland. The reopening comes after negotiations with the employe..

HP Industry Perspectives: Middle East threatened by North American petrochemical exports
DuBose, Ben, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

North American petrochemical producers have had lofty margins in recent years, given ample ethane feedstocks derived from the regional shale boom.Those margins, in turn, are leading to plans for new c..

HP Impact: Fossil fuels dominate global primary energy consumption
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Oil, natural gas and coal accounted for 87% of global primary energy consumption in 2012, according to a new Worldwatch Institute study. The relative weight of these energy sources keeps shifting, alt..

HP Impact: Bipartisan fuel policy recommendations for US Congress
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A bipartisan group called the US Energy Security Council, comprising former military, business and political leaders, has issued policy recommendations for the US Congress as it grapples with fuel-rel..

HP Impact: Global slowdown in annual CO2 emissions
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Research published by the Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) indicates that global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions increased by only 1.1% in 2012, yielding a slowdown in annual ..

HP Forecast: HPI Market Data 2014 Executive Summary
Romanow, Stephany, DuBose, Ben, Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This summary provides a "sneak peek" at Hydrocarbon Processing's HPI Market Data 2014. This comprehensive report investigates present and projected future trends in refining, natural gas and petrochemical industries. Topics include spending forecasts and construction projects derived from HP's Construction Boxscore database; global and regional changes in energy production and use; and developments in oil and natural gas processing. HPI Market Data 2014 also covers trends in economics, plant safety and the environment. This annual report is the hydrocarbon processing industry's premier source of market information for professionals working in the downstream.

HP Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Software combines crude management with designInvensys released its integrated Spiral CrudeSuite crude oil knowledge-management software (Fig. 1) with its SimSci PRO/II design and ROMeo optimization s..

Free Literature: Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Innovative flow/level measurement and application solutions Fluid Components International (FCI) provides a wide range of innovative instrument solutions that are said to lower operating costs, i..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Humidity calibrator provides 12 hours of battery-powered use The upgraded S503 portable humidity calibrator includes an optional battery pack for conducting calibrations at sites without electric..