July 2010

Special Report: Liquefied Natural Gas Developments

Finetune boil-off gas generation from refrigerated storage facilities

Improved estimation methods accurately calculate vaporized product for LNG and LPG storage and transfer systems

Jari, Kalat, Gorji, A. H., Sazeh Consultants

Natural gas (NG) is the cleanest burning fossil fuel; it is favored over oil and is more economical. NG emits less emissions and pollutants when combusted. Because pipeline transportation is not feasible for extremely long distances, NG is routinely processed into liquefied natural gas (LNG)—a more economical mode for transport to consumer markets. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is produced by refining petroleum or NG. LPG is derived from fossil-fuel sources and is produced during the refining of crude oil, or separating gas streams extracted from reservoirs. LPG includes propane and butane, and it can be transported as pure propane, pure butane or a mixture of both. At normal temperatu

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