Panchal, A.

Independent Consultant, Mumbai, India

is an Independent Consultant in Mumbai, India. He has more than 15 yr of hands-on experience as a Mechanical Design Engineer in butyl rubber, gasification, ethane cracker, chlorinated PVC and various revamp projects. He previously worked for L&T Heavy Engineering, Bechtel India Ltd., Jacobs Engineering, Reliance Industries Ltd. and KIPIC, Kuwait. He holds a BS degree in mechanical engineering and an MS degree in industrial process equipment design. He is a Certified Chartered Engineer and Professional Engineer in India. The author can be reached at

Uncommon lessons: Shell-and-tube heat exchangers—Part 1

Daru, K., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Panchal, A., Independent Consultant; Gala, P., Reliance Industries Ltd.

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers (STHEs) are the most common heat transfer process equipment in all types of industrial plants.