Xiangling, Z.

CPECC, Qingdao, China

is the vice chief engineer for CPECC’s East-China Design Branch. She has 27 years of experience in refinery design, with specialized expertise in the crude and vacuum distillation process and in general configuration design. Ms. Xiangling holds a BE degree from Zhengzhou University of technology in Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Determine fouling margins in tubular heat exchanger design

Fouling, which is caused mainly by the deposition and accumulation of an undesired layer of solids on a heat transfer surface, is very common in tubular heat exchangers.