April 2013

Archive

Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Shale energy resources driving resurgence for ethylene industry
Eramo, M., IHS Chemical

The abundant supply of North American shale energy resources is proving to be not only a boon for exploration and production (E&P) companies and energy consumers, but it is also changing the profitabi..

North American olefin producers riding the shale gas wave

With the prospect of abundant low-cost ethane, several producers have announced intentions to build new ethylene capacity.

High-pressure polyethylene: Reemergence as a specialty chemical or not?

The analysis results indicate that, while investment capital for new plants favors LLDPE, plant profitability—which is a function of product slate (revenue) and cost—is, in many cases, higher for LDPE plants.

HPI Focus: New vs. Revamp

HPI Focus: New vs. debottlenecking projects
Turner, J., Fluor; Luck, G., SNC-Lavalin, Hydrocarbons & Chemicals; Van Sickels, M. J., MVS Consulting LLC

As most owners do not have adequately skilled engineering teams to study these scenarios, engaging an experienced, qualified engineering contractor to support the conceptual study is often warranted.

Bonus Report: Refining Developments

Evaluate challenges in meeting clean-fuel specifications with heavier crude

At a Saudi Aramco refinery, a revamp was planned for processing a different crude oil blend to meet Euro 5 diesel and gasoline specifications. The refinery, which processes semi-light crude oil, is sc..

Improve coker efficiency with reliable valve automation
Deters, B., Calabrian Corp.; Wolkart, R., Emerson Process Management

The case history discusses conditions occurring in delayed coker operations at two refineries in Louisiana, the impacts on valve performance, and a solution that offers extended life, better reliability and other benefits.

Optimize value from FCC bottoms
Paraskos, J., PRO-TECH Associates; Scalco, V., General Atomics

Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is one of the most versatile and profitable upgrading processes in a refinery. FCC has maintained its place in the refinery through a series of evolutionary changes to m..

Gas Processing Developments

Take a quicker approach to staggered blowdown
Khan, M. S., WorleyParsons

The design of a reliable blowdown system for a large sour gas-processing facility is one of the most important aspects of plant design. Safe design is vital for facility operation. With the developmen..

Safety/Loss Prevention

Conceptually, accidents are a fallacy
Sawyer, M., Apex Safety Consultants

Webster’s unabridged dictionary defines accident as “Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one’s foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden and unexpected event..

Turbomachinery Developments

Select the right shaft-riding brushes for turbomachinery
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff; Sohre, T., Sohre Turbomachinery

Since the mid-1950s, much progress has been accomplished in the development, design and production of shaft-riding brushes for turbomachinery applications. The machinery includes steam and gas turbine..

Columns

HP Reliability: Fact-checking list from recent reliability conferences
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Whenever HP editors attend technical conferences, their primary goals include observing industry practices, finding facts and spotting trends. Fact or fictionUnfortunately, presenters sometimes relate..

HP Integration Strategies: Industrial considerations for BYOD
Forbes, H., ARC Advisory Group

With the “bring your own device” (BYOD) trend beginning to take hold in the process industries, plant managers and IT groups are taking more interest. Not only do they have legitimate securi..

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: Ethylene in evolution: 50 years of changing markets and economics
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Ethylene is the key building block for the petrochemical industry. This olefin supports 70% of petrochemical industry production and is used to manufacture a wide variety of products for industrial an..

HP Water Management: Update: Online measurement of oxidizing biocides
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Nearly all owners of industrial cooling towers feed oxidizing biocides—chlorine (Cl) and bromine (Br)—to kill bacteria in the recirculating cooling water. Minimizing the populations of bacte..

HP Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

LyondellBasell plans to expand North American ethylene capacityLyondellBasell will raise its ethylene capacity in North America by 18% in coming years through several debottlenecking projects. Locatio..

HP Industry Perspectives: Are Arctic projects safe?
DuBose, Ben, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Key industry officials answer a poll question from HydrocarbonProcessing.com

HP Impact: Asia-Pacific natural gas market transformation
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Amid the Asia-Pacific region’s growing reliance on imports, a report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) identifies obstacles and opportunities for establishing a gas market that reflects ..

HP Impact: Promising forecast for the US re-refining industry
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

With a projected compound annual growth rate (CAGR) exceeding 23% over the next five years, the future of the US re-refined basestocks market looks promising, according to a recent study by Kline & Co..

HP Impact: Driven by China, global methanol demand rises 23% in two years
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to a new IHS Chemical global market study, global methanol demand increased 23% during the two-year period of 2010 to 2012, primarily driven by Chinese demand.Annual demand for the product i..

HP Innovations: Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Flowmeter uses Coriolis force in measurementThe Sitrans FC430 flowmeter from Siemens AG is capable of measuring liquids and gases using the Coriolis principle. Flows can be measured with a precision o..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Website’s heat exchanger segment is innovative and customer-oriented  GEA Heat Exchangers Division has launched its new customer website and presents its complete product portfolio on one we..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Flanged valves feature OSHA lock-out/tag-out service High-performance, full-ported Series B41 flanged ball valves are certified to an API-607 fire-safe design with an anti-static stem. The B41 va..

Misc

Use model-based temperature control for fixed-bed reactors
Weatherford, D., BASF Corp.; Ford, J., Maverick Technologies

A process unit at BASF’s Geismar, Louisiana manufacturing facility contains a series of six packed-bed reactors filled with a proprietary catalyst. This catalyst promotes an exothermic reaction, ..

Global Turnaround and Maintenance 2013 Supplement

Overcome barriers to proper planning and scheduling
Wanichko, J., T.A. Cook Consultants Inc.

Planning and scheduling must work hand-in-hand for a turnaround, outage or shutdown to be executed to budget and schedule. Unless proper diligence is given up-front to planning and scheduling, no amou..