September 2012

Archive

Special Report: Refining Developments

Maximize diesel production in an FCC-centered refinery, Part 1

For refineries with an FCC unit as the main conversion vehicle, the debate is how existing refinery assets can best be used to economically increase diesel production.

Redefining reforming catalyst performance: High selectivity and stability
Le Goff, P.-Y., Lopez, J., Axens; Ross, J., Axens North America

Highly developed CCR catalysts are more robust to ensure extended service over 7–9 years.

Upgrade heavy oil more cost-efficiently
Cabrera, C. A., Silverman, M. A., Ivanhoe Energy

A new technology can economically upgrade and significantly improve the properties of heavy oil by reducing viscosity, increasing gravity and removing contaminants.

CO2 capture from SMRs: A demonstration project
Baade, W. F., Farnand, S., Hutchison, R., Welch, K., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

Technical and economic results from this project will be key in determining the most effective path to commercialization.

Increase FCC processing flexibility by improved catalyst recycling methods
Wolschlag, L. M., UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company; Lippmann, M., UOP LLC, a Honeywell Co.

The dynamic global refining market emphasizes the need for greater operating flexibility in the fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit.

Bio-isobutanol: The next-generation biofuel
Kolodziej, R., Wood Group Mustang; Scheib, J., Gevo Inc.

This article highlights the technology, feedstocks and market growth opportunities for isobutanol, with a focus on potential new market offerings in the very near future.

Successful fouling control hinges on effective monitoring
Price, X., Teran, C., Vanhove, A., Casanova, J., GE Water & Process Technologies

Equipment reliability, processing flexibility and energy conservation are key objectives for modern refineries. Refiners today are routinely using lower quality, more difficult to process feedstocks t..

Bonus Report: Heat Transfer Developments

What are the benefits of rigorous modeling in heat exchanger design?
Cazenave, J., Aspen Technology Inc.

This article examines three applications where rigorous heat exchanger models can boost value derived from process simulation and provide more accurate results.

Prevent external corrosion of boiler tubes under refractory lining
Maity, M., Biramov, K., Al-Zahrani, E., SABIC Technology Centre; Kareem, M. A., Eastern Petrochemical Co.

A leak developed on the water wall for several boiler tubes within five months of the commissioning of a plant boiler. In this case, the boiler tubes were partially covered with a castable refractory ..

Columns

HP Insight: Energy crisis: Time and talent wanted
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Maximizing the energy potential from all hydrocarbon resources is the main goal for all nations. More efficient utilization of energy—natural gas, coal and crude oil—facilitates economic gro..

HP Reliability: When not to use oil rings
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

For process pumps in particular size and duty categories, oil rings are rarely, if ever, the most reliable means for lubricant application. Oil rings tend to skip and even abrade, as shown in Fig. 1, ..

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 70: Twenty rules for troubleshooting
Sofronas, T., Consulting Engineer

In previous Engineering Case History columns, I have discussed checklists and their value in avoiding errors during startups. While the rules cannot replace common sense or a logical and methodical ap..

HP Automation Safety: ‘Sticktion’: A dangerous failure mode
Goble, W., exida LLC

I set a wet glass on the old wooden kitchen table at our home. It sat there all night. The next morning, when I went to grab the glass, it stuck to the table. Yes, this event has happened before. But,..

HP Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

European refiner affirms renewables project Total has reaffirmed its partnership and financial backing to the technology of renewable products company Amyris, the companies said in a recent statement...

HP Industry Perspectives: Industry Perspectives

Key industry officials answer a poll question from HydrocarbonProcessing.com

HP Impact: Taking a glance at mergers and acquisitions
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Energy price fluctuations present both near-term challenges and interesting opportunities for the oil and gas mergers and acquisitions (M&A) market. As Deloitte Consulting points out in a recently rel..

HP Impact: Compliance in emerging risk areas
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Ernst & Young recently held a seminar on risk compliance for today’s global oil and gas companies. One session in particular during the seminar focused on emerging risk areas in the energy market..

HP Impact: Future bright for molybdenum
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Roskill recently released a market outlook on molybdenum. The company expects that molybdenum growth rates will exceed global GDP rates to 2016.Global demand for molybdenum bounced back from the impac..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I has a contract from Enterprise Products Partners L.P. for the license and basic engineering of a propane dehydrogenation unit on the Texas Gulf Coast. The unit will use the CATOFIN propane dehydr..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Honeywell has been selected to upgrade the safety and control system at Staatsolie Maatschappij Suriname’s refinery to Honeywell’s Integrated Control and Safety System (ICSS) solution. The u..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

INEOS Technologies has licensed its Innovene G, Innovene S and Innovene PP processes to ZAO Vostochnaya Neftechemicheskaya Co. (ZAO VNHK), a subsidiary of OJSC NK Rosneft, for VNHK’s new petroche..

HP Construction: Africa
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Shell Petroleum Development Co. has awarded Saipem with an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract for the Otumara-Saghara-Escravos Pipeline Project, which will be developed approxima..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Saipem has signed a lump-sum engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract with Saudi Aramco and Sumitomo Chemical for the naphtha and aromatics package of the PETRORabigh II Project, expan..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) has awarded Technip a contract to supply a license, basic-engineering package, and engineering and procurement services for the refinery offgas cracker (ROGC) plant. Thi..

HP Construction Profile: Texas-based refinery has a long history
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Valero Port Arthur Refinery was commissioned in 1901 and has had many process additions and improvements throughout its history (see pg. 38). In 2001, nearly $850 million was invested in a delayed..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Instruments for the chemical industry  Aimed at companies in the chemical and petrochemical industries, WIKA’s new information brochure is packed with relevant facts about pressure, temperat..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Abrasion-resistant materials for tough chemical-processing environments The Kao-Tuff line of special-duty abrasion-resistant refractory-castable products is said to be suited to the harsh environ..

Viewpoint

From mill to wing: How waste materials could become the next green aviation fuel
Holmgren, J., LanzaTech

We are in the midst of an energy revolution, with new types of liquid fuels from new sources and an increased supply of traditional fuels unleashed from existing sources thanks to new technologies. Wh..

Engineering and Construction 2012 Supplement

What you don’t know can hurt you
Glenney, J., Littelfuse

Be certain systems are safely grounded

Engineering and construction news
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I to buy Shaw GroupCB&I has agreed to acquire Shaw Group, a US-based engineering company primarily focused on serving clients in the power generation and government services sector. The acquisition..