December 2012

Archive

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

How do HPI innovations and best practices transform process engineering?
Dhole, V., Aspen Technology; Beck, R., Aspen Technology Inc.

The cross-discipline integration of modeling and analysis tools can help select the best design options and ensure the safe and profitable operation of process plants.

Intelligent indexing is key to 3D CAD plant modeling
Saha, S., Reliance Refinery; Nair A., Reliance Ports and Terminals Ltd., Reliance Refinery

Indexing is a key activity in CAD modeling. Arbitrary indexing of the models invariably leads to problems, as discussed in this article.

Consider coal gasification for liquid fuels production

Due to faster depleting natural gas reserves and more abundant coal reserves, coal gasification and CTL are solutions to produce liquid fuels over the long term.

Consider 'lean' engineering model to fast-track mega projects
Bennett, S., AVEVA Solutions Ltd.

Lean construction can raise competitiveness for an EPC business, thereby increasing its profitability and improving its delivery success rate and brand image.

Maintenance

Reliability and maintenance: The path to world-class performance
Poling, A., HSB Solomon Associates LLC

HPI companies in a progressive culture strive for failure-free operations with defect elimination and uninterrupted operation.

Refining Developments

Improve integration opportunities for aromatics units—Part 2
Vaidyanathan, S., Zhou, J., Fluor Enterprises, Inc.; Kapur, S., Apex PetroConsultants

Click here to read Improve integration opportunities for aromatics units—Part 1Reformed petroleum naphtha (reformate) is the largest source for aromatics. Integrating refineries and petroche..

Columns

HP Reliability: Upgrade the design of vertical, multistage centrifugal pumps in low-temperature services
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The overall mechanical design of most API-style vertical-column pumps (Fig. 1) comes close to meeting the expectations of modern pump users. Such pumps are often equipped with self oil-lubricated bear..

HP Control: What’s new with FOUNDATION Fieldbus―Part 2
O’Brien, L., Fieldbus Foundation

Remote operations management (ROM)—management of automation assets and resources that are geographically dispersed—is one of the fastest growing segments of the process automation business (..

HP Editorial Comment: The last word
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Throughout this year, Hydrocarbon Processing (HP) has investigated the last 90 years of the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) through its monthly editorial, Insight. The HPI has a rich history; th..

HP Insight: The HPI is all about people
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The journey through the last 90 years as chronicled by the headlines of Hydrocarbon Processing has been a unique experience. As in any quest, the high points are too quickly followed by downturns. Som..

HP Brief: Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Gulf Coast hydrogen pipeline unveiledAir Products recently completed its 600-mile Gulf Coast Connection Pipeline (GCCP) project and also started up operations at a dynamic customer service center.The ..

HP Impact: Production of biofuels made from algae poses sustainability concerns
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Scaling up the production of biofuels made from algae to meet at least 5% (approximately 39 billion liters) of US transportation fuel needs would place unsustainable demands on energy, water and nutri..

HP Impact: US energy independence vs. energy security
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Deloitte Center for Energy Solutions recently released a report, “Energy independence and security: A reality check,” which examines whether or not energy independence is necessary to ac..

HP Impact: Scottish distillers jump on natural gas bandwagon
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The excitement about natural gas as a useful industrial tool has spread to the Scottish countryside. A collection of whisky distillers in the Speyside area of Scotland plans to invest £7.6 MM to ..

HP Forecast: HPI Market Data 2013 Executive Summary

ENERGY TIME: CHARTING A COURSE FOR THE FUTUREThe hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) is a global business with a 100-year history. Much has changed since the early days when crude oil was stripped t..

HP Innovations: Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Invensys acquires Spiral SoftwareInvensys Operations Management has acquired Spiral Software, a privately held company headquartered in Cambridge, UK. Spiral Software provides integrated solutions ran..

HP Associations: Gastech examines natural gas potential for all sectors
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

For four days in October, Hydrocarbon Processing was on call at the Gastech Conference and Exhibition in London. The magazine’s editorial staff was selected to produce the official show daily new..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Westlake Chemical Corp. will perform planned maintenance and an expansion of the Petro 2 ethylene unit at its complex in Lake Charles, Louisiana, in the first quarter of 2013. This expansion will incr..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ICA Fluor, the industrial engineering partnership of Fluor and Empresas ICA, is part of the joint venture (JV) that was awarded a multibillion-dollar engineering, procurement and construction contract..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Alfa Laval has won an order for compact heat exchangers from a refinery in Russia. The order, valued at approximately SEK 70 million, was booked late September 2012, and delivery is scheduled for 2013..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

JGC Corp.’s wholly owned Saudi Arabian subsidiary, JGC Gulf International Co. Ltd., has been awarded a contract for an aromatics plant project from Sadara Chemical Co. (Sadara), a joint venture b..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

KBR was awarded a license and process-design package contract for a new olefins-recovery unit in Yulin, Shaanxi Province, China.The client owns an existing commercial plant of coal-to-olefins, which w..

Free Literature

Educational videos on battery topicsThe first set of Trojan Tips educational videos is now available on the Trojan Battery Co. website. The video tutorials provide in-depth information focusing on var..

New Developments

Reaction furnace mixing technology for improved Claus plant yields Field results from new installations of new mixing checker walls in dozens of reaction furnaces reportedly improve cost-savings throu..

2012 Petrochemical Review

South America: Argentina
Quijada, R., IntelliChem, Inc.; Friedlander, A., Instituto Petroquimico Aregentino; Carvalho, O., MaxiQuim Assessoria De Mercado

For nine consecutive years (2003–2011), the Argentinean gross domestic product (GDP) continued to increase at an impressive annual rate of 7% to 8%. However, this trend was expected to change in ..

Europe: Germany
Meincke, H., Association of the German Chemical Industry

The German chemical industry has an outstanding position inside Europe. Nearly 25% of chemical product sales in the European Union (EU) are by German chemical companies. Ranking behind China, the US a..

Asia: China
Fu, X., Li, X., Zhang, L., Petrochemical Research Institute, PetroChina; Lin, A., PetroChina Ltd., Co

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced in its January 2012 “World Economic Outlook” that the global GDP growth rate was 3.8% in 2011. However, Asian-Pacific nations bucked this tren..

South America: Venezuela
Quijada, R., IntelliChem, Inc.

Fig. 1 illustrates the annual gross domestic product (GDP) and inflation from 2006 to 2011 for Venezuela. High crude oil prices have helped domestic GDP growth, suggesting a healthy economy. ..

South America: Brazil
Carvalho, O., MaxiQuim Assessoria De Mercado

Brazil’s economic improvement was remarkable over the past decade, following many years of slow growth. On average, the Brazilian gross output of goods and services increased at an annual average..

Asia: India

The Indian economy has come a long way since the 1991 economic reforms. A decade and a half of economic reform and globalization is yielding returns that cut across all income groups. The domestic eco..

Asia: Japan
Yoneyama, M., IHS Chemicals

The Japanese economy showed steady recovery for 2003–2007. However, due to the global recession in late 2008, Japan’s GDP growth decreased to –1% in 2008 and to –5.5% in 2009. Due ..

Europe: United Kingdom
Eastwood, A., Economic Advisor, Chemical Industries Association (CIA)

The United Kingdom (UK) is Europe’s fourth largest chemical economy, after Germany, France and Italy. It accounts for 8% of the European Union’s (EU’s) $900 billion overall chemical pro..